Activities – Old and New

“Bear Hugs” Project by Linden Lodge Foundation

Emilie & Christine amoung the bears

The Linden Lodge Foundation is initiating a project to help those children in our community that are in need – but especially in need of something that is warm, fuzzy, and would belong to them no matter where they reside.

Linden Lodge Foundation is a non-profit organization that solicits no federal or state money for the operation of Linden Lodge. We operate a 24/7 supervised residential programs for adults that are afflicted with a chronic mental illness. Our residents are very community oriented and are well aware of the discrimination of those with a disability – any kind of disability. Continue reading

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Linden Lodgers Are “Stigma Busters”‏

11th Annual Spelling Bee On Sunday, 8 February, from 2-4 p.m. the Linden Lodge Foundation residents, and their team the “StigmaBusters”  participated in the Moore County Literacy Council’s annual Spelling Bee fundraiser in Owens Auditorium at Sandhills Community College. Our goal is to raise awareness of the stigma surrounding mental illness and to help “bust it up”  for the good of all, and we did it!

The effort paid off and Linden Lodge WON the trophy for Best Costume!


The "Stigma Busters" Team2015 Spelling Bee Best Costume AwardThe LL Stigma Busters Take the Prize!

Linden Lodge residents were there cheering on Chris Laughlin Sr., Nadine Yingling and Marianne Kernan as they dressed in costume – a take off of  “The Ghostbusters” theme.

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McDonalds Chapel Hosts Pancake Supper

Shrove Tuesday Celebration was a Success!

Shrove Pancake Dinner

This special celebration marks the end of the Epiphany season and helps us ready our hearts and minds for the quieter more reflective season of Lent.

Shrove Tuesday gets its name from ‘shrove’, the past tense of ‘shrive’ – which means to obtain absolution for our sins by confessing and doing penance. It’s also known as Pancake Day because it was the last opportunity to use up luxury foods such as milk, sugar, eggs and butter before embarking on the Lenten fast. Pancakes were the ideal way of using up these ingredients (and yes, sadly, milk, sugar, eggs and butter are still regarded as luxury foods in the some parts of the western world).McDonald's Chapel Presbyterian Church

McDonald’s Chapel Presbyterian Church, located at 1374 Foxfire Road, Aberdeen, held a Shrove Tuesday pancake supper Sunday, March 1st, from 5:30 to 7 p.m., in the church fellowship hall.



Breakfast For Dinner

The menu included pancakes, sausage, harvest apples, juice, coffee and milk.

The proceeds benefited Linden Lodge.


Pancake Day

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U.S. Seniors Golf Association Highlights Linden Lodge Foundation

USSGA Senior’s Spouse –
Marianne Kernan

By Paul Galvani
Kernans with RumsfeldMany Seniors and their spouses are deeply involved in charitable endeavors. One such person is Marianne Kernan, wife of our esteemed retired four star general, Buck Kernan. Both spouses in this family spend their lives serving others. In Marianne’s case, after years of involvement with military service organizations, she founded in 2010 Linden Lodge Foundation, an all volunteer organization, in the Pinehurst, N.C. area. The Foundation’s sole mission is to operate and sustain a 24/7, 365 day residential home for those with mental illness. This home offers a unique residential and rehabilitation program to assist adults that are diagnosed with a serious mental illness, such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depression, or PTSD. An assembled team helps individuals successfully maintain psychiatric stability, pursue educational opportunities, and find meaningful employment where possible. The home provides volunteer opportunities in the local community, and takes advantage of onsite recreational, art, and music therapies, in addition to physical fitness and wellness programs. Continue reading

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Yoga May Boost Cognitive Function in Schizophrenia

Yoga for Schizophrenia

Written by Dr. Minakshi WelukarDr. Minakshi Welukar

Yoga can be a useful complimentary treatment for those suffering with a serious psychiatry disorder like schizophrenia. Yoga brings significant symptomatic improvements and enhances the quality of life of schizophrenic patients.

Jesse at Yoga Class

Jesse, (L) a Linden Lodge Resident, enjoys Yoga.

Promising effects of yoga for physical and mental disorders are well known for a long time. Now this beneficial effect is also extended for management of a serious mental illness like schizophrenia. Continue reading

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Pete Earley, and Son, Interviewed on NBC Station


My Son Says: “If You Are Afraid To Tell Your Story, Stigma Wins”

Posted: 14 Jul 2014 02:01 AM PDT

peteinterviewWhen I wrote my book about mental illness and my family, I referred to my son by his middle name to protect his identity. Since its publication, Kevin has become a peer-to-peer specialist and an advocate for individuals with mental illnesses. We recently were interviewed by the local NBC station here. Kevin wrote about it on his Facebook page and when I read it, I asked if I could share it with you. I’m glad he said yes. We don’t agree on every issue but I greatly admire his courage in speaking out against stigma. 

By Kevin Earley

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Getting People With Schizophrenia To Accept Help

About half of people with schizophrenia don’t believe they are ill and don’t want treatment.

Dr. Sanjay Gupta interviews Robert Cotes, MD, Emory University School of Medicine


Sanjay Gupta, MD, Everyday Health: How hard is this on families? What do families have to do in order to get their loved ones treatment?

Robert Cotes, MD, Emory University School of Medicine: It’s a real challenge for
families. I have heard a lot of people say that they are at the end of their

Dr. Gupta: Is it a question of violence? Is there violent behavior related with

Dr. Cotes: People with schizophrenia aren’t any more dangerous than anyone in the
general population. Oftentimes, people with schizophrenia are very fearful that
something is going to happen to them.
Continue reading

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Managing Common Schizophrenia Symptoms

Caring for someone with schizophrenia means being able to identify and deal with challenging symptoms at times. Here’s what you need to know

By Mikel Theobald
Medically reviewed by Farrokh Sohrabi, MD

Schizophrenia symptoms influence the way people with the condition think, act, and experience the world around them. To be the best possible caregiver to a person with schizophrenia, you need to understand the three categories of symptoms as well as the healthiest ways to respond to them, says Andrew Savageau, MD, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the Ohio State University College of Medicine and an attending psychiatrist at the OSU Wexner Medical Center. Continue reading

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Is Marijuana Helpful or Harmful To Your Mental Health?

Using Marijuana to Manage Mental Health Symptoms

A significant number of HealthyPlace community members use marijuana to manage their mental health symptoms. We know this because whenever we post a story on the subject, a large and vocal crowd comments on how marijuana has helped them. However, they are not alone. There is growing evidence that people with serious mental illness, including depression and psychosis, are more likely to use marijuana or have used it for long periods of time in the past. But what does the research say about the connection between marijuana and mental health?

Marijuana and Mental Health: The Research

Is Marijuana Helpful or Harmful To Your Mental HealthIn the National Comorbidity Study, 51 percent of those who met criteria for a substance disorder at some time in their life also met criteria for a mental disorder at some point. In the large majority of cases, individuals reported that the mental disorder preceded the substance disorder (Kessler et al. 1996). Other studies suggest a clear link between early (adolescent) marijuana use and later mental health problems, especially in those with a genetic history of mental illness. Regular use of marijuana appears to double the risk of developing a psychotic episode or long-term schizophrenia (Arseneault et al., 2002; Parakh & Basu, 2013). For that reason, those people who have a family history of bipolar disorder or schizophrenia should not be using marijuana. Continue reading

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An Introduction to Bowen Theory

Robert Burton Whitehouse

Robert Burton Whitehouse

Murray Bowen, MD

Murray Bowen, MD

Over the last 7 weeks, program director Bob Whitehouse has been teaching the residents of Linden Lodge a class on the thinking of Murray Bowen. Murray Bowen was a psychiatrist who pioneered family systems theory. In the period from 1954 until 1959 Bowen and a team of psychiatrists worked with entire schizophrenic families at the National Institutes of Mental Health. Bowen was curious about what these families looked like when they experienced a high degree of anxiety. After objectively observing these families, eight patterns of behavior emerged. In the years that followed Bowen was constantly refining his theory and found that these 8 patterns appeared in all families, not just the families of schizophrenics.  These are the patterns:

  1. The family (or the people who live with us) is the emotional unit. As individuals, our families are always affecting us emotionally whether we choose to recognize it or not. For example, we can usually observe our spouse having a totally different countenance when he or she is on the phone with a family member as opposed to being on the phone with someone else.
  2. The Differentiation of Self scale. All of us are both connected to our families and have our own opinion about things. Each family member has a basic self from which they occasionally take stands, even in the face of a family’s reactivity, and they have a pseudo self that goes along with everybody else even when they internally disagree with the others. When operating out of our basic self we calmly base our decisions on facts, principles, intrinsic motivation, and from as many camera angles as we can muster in any particular situation. Within our basic selves we determine what we are willing to do and what we are not willing to do. When operating out of our pseudo selves, we change who we are so we can be accepted in a relationship. When we are operating from the pseudo self we hold stereotypes, we feed off of praise and recognition, we go along with the group, we change our beliefs in order to find approval, and we want to be liked. Some family members have a larger basic self and a smaller pseudo self, which allows them to operate independently while at the same time staying in touch with all the other family members. While other family members, have a smaller basic self and a larger pseudo self. These family members tend to change with the wind in order to please other members of the family. In general, the more we can operate out of a basic self, the higher we move up the Differentiation of Self scale and the more we operate out of our pseudo self the lower we find ourselves on the scale.
  3. Triangles. Bowen and his colleagues observed that when anxiety rises in a family a two person relationship becomes unstable. As a silly example, a couple may not be able to come to an agreement on whether to go to McDonalds or Wendys. So to ease the tension between them they draw a third person into their disagreement thus forming a triangle. The person who has been “triangled” in might say, “Well, what about Burger King?” And then a discussion ensues over the pros and cons of the three choices without the same degree of intensity that existed as when there were just two people. We can observe the natural human tendency toward triangles when are standing in a large crowd without an agenda or focus. At such times, people tend to group in threes.
  4. Emotional distance/cut off. Bowen and his colleagues observed that when tension rises in a family people will become emotionally distant from one another or cut themselves off from one another as an attempt to ease their anxiety. The problem is that over time these attempts to reduce anxiety actually make things worse. Distancing and cut off (which are more intense than a “cooling off” period) do not resolve conflict and in time this distancing and cut offs can tear families apart. For example, family member A and B might get into an intense argument and withdraw from the scene, each to his or her own room. But, while they are apart they can’t stop thinking about one another and this interferes with each person’s own functioning. In the Linden Lodge class we talked about ways to bridge these cut offs.
  5. Family Projection Process – Bowen and his colleagues observed that in families with multiple children, the child the parents worry most about tends to do the worst in life. Why? The child has  to carry his or her parent’s anxiety in addition to his or her own. The worried about child also tends to operate with a larger pseudo self because they are always aware of Mom and Dad’s reactions. The child or children in a family who are not the object of the parents anxious focus tend to worry less about how Mom or Dad react to them and this leaves them freer to explore the world and learn from their own mistakes (thus a larger basic self and a smaller pseudo self).
  6. Multi-generational Transmission Process – Bowen and his colleagues observed that anxiety from past generations can influence today’s families without today’s families even being aware of it. For example, one day a daughter watched her mother preparing a ham for Sunday dinner. Before the mother put the ham in the pan, however, she cut off a chunk of it. Her daughter asked her mother why she did this as the pan was plenty big enough for the ham. The mother said, “I don’t know, that’s just how my mother always did it.” So the went back to the child’s grandmother to find out why she prepared hams that way. The child’s grandmother remembered that the child’s great grandmother had a pan that was too small for the ham, so she guessed that’s where she learned off the end of the ham before cooking it. In a more serious way certain important events, which Bowen called Nodal events, can have impact for many generations. The loss of a family’s fortune in a war or depression, can impact families for generations. So can a family feud when siblings stop speaking to one another affect the contact of subsequent generations. As humans, we achieve more self-understanding and we can pull ourselves further up the self-differentiation scale higher by staying true to ourselves while at the same time developing a one on one relationship with as many family members from all generations as possible.
  7. Sibling Position – Bowen and his colleagues observed that a person’s sibling position influences that individual’s behavior in marriages and families. The basic idea is that people who grow up in the same sibling position predictably have important common characteristics. For example, oldest children tend to gravitate to leadership positions and youngest children often prefer to be followers. The characteristics of one position are not “better” than those of another position, but are complementary. For example, a boss who is an oldest child may work unusually well with a first assistant who is a youngest child. Youngest children may like to be in charge, but their leadership style typically differs from an oldest child’s style. Bowen found, however, that sibling position is not fixed in stone. The gap between children affects sibling position. Also, the amount the parents focus their anxiety on a child can affect their sibling position. For example, if an older child is born with a severe physical illness or brain illness the parent’s anxiety about that child will cause them to function with less of a basic self. And in this situation, the younger sibling, free of his parent’s anxiety, will then take on the functioning of the oldest child.
  8. Societal Regression – In societal regression, people act to relieve the anxiety of the moment rather than act on principle and a long-term view. Bowen and his colleagues observed a pattern of societal regression that began unfolding after World War II. It worsened some during the 1950s and rapidly intensified during the 1960s. The “symptoms” of societal regression include a growth of crime and violence, an increasing divorce rate, a more litigious attitude, a greater polarization between racial groups, less principled decision-making by leaders, the drug abuse epidemic, an increase in bankruptcy, and a focus on rights over responsibilities. Back in the 1970’s Bowen predicted that the current regression would, like a family in a regression, continue until the repercussions stemming from taking the easy way out on tough issues exceeded the pain associated with acting on a long-term view. He predicted that will occur before the middle of the twenty-first century and should result in human beings living in more harmony with nature. It is more difficult for families to raise children in a period of societal regression than in a calmer period. A loosening of standards in society makes it more difficult parents to hold a line with their children. The prevalence of drug and alcohol abuse gives parents more things to worry about with their adolescents. The current societal regression is characterized by an increased child focus in the culture. People who advocate more focus on the children cite the many problems young people are having as justification for their position. Using the child’s problems as justification for increasing the focus on them is precisely what the child focused parents have been doing all along. An increase in the problems young people are having is part of an emotional process in society as a whole.


Like the class, the material for the article above is taken from the Bowen Center (Especially sibling position and societal regression), the teaching of my mentor of four years, Dr. Roberta Gilbert (a student of Murray Bowen’s for the last 14 years of his life), and my own thinking and experience.  It is by no means a complete presentation of Bowen theory. Bowen theory has many complexities and nuances that can’t be explained in such a short space. In practice, one can’t experience the power of Bowen’s theory unless one knows Bowen’s theory and one works (not in a study hall or therapist’s office) in and amid one’s own family (often with the guidance of a coach who keeps bringing one back to  Bowen’s theory). This work is never complete. It is always ongoing. But, the effort pays off in increased wisdom, confidence, awareness and slight movement up the differentiation of Self scale. In the Linden Lodge class, I use more material than is presented here and I use numerous examples from my life and family experience that I would never share on the web. The good news is that so far I have observed that learning this theory has led Linden Lodge residents to have both increased family contact and less anxiety in their lives. The work will be ongoing.



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